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Date : 14-05-12 10:46
[notice] Gyeongbokgung Palace
 Poster : funinkorea
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Gyeongbokgung Palace


Gyeongbokgung Palace was the first royal palace built by the Joseon Dynasty, three years after the 
Joseon Dynasty was founded. Built in 1395, Gyeongbokgung Palace was located at the heart of newly 
appointed capital of Seoul (then known as Hanyang) and represented the sovereignty of the Joseon 
Dynasty. The largest of the Five Grand Palaces (the others being Gyeonghuigung Palace, Deoksugung 
Palace, Changgyeonggung Palace, Changdeokgung Palace), Gyeongbokgung served as the main 
palace of the Joseon Dynasty.

The Turbulent History of Gyeongbokgung Palace

Gyeongbokgung Palace continued to serve as the main palace until the Japanese invasions of Korea 
(1592 – 1598), when all of the palaces were severely damaged. It was not until about 1868 that the 
palace was reconstructed and expanded to a 410,000 square meter complex with over 500 
buildings. Gyeongbokgung Palace flourished for several decades in this state until the Japanese once 
again demolished the palaces during their occupation of Korea (1910-1945). Most of the restored 
buildings were torn down, Gwanghwamun Gate was relocated and the Japanese General Government 
Building was constructed in front of the main area of the palace. 

An effort by the Korean government has been ongoing since 1990 to rebuild and restore the buildings 
that were destroyed during the Japanese occupation. This 40-year restoration project aims to fully 
restore Gyeongbokgung Palace to its original form in the next twenty years. Currently, the palace is 
open to the public and houses the National Palace Museum of Korea and the National Folk Museum 
of Korea. Although only about forty percent of the buildings have been restored, there are still many 
beautiful things to see at the palace. Some of the palace highlights have been noted below. 

Geunjeongjeon (Imperial Throne Hall) 

Geunjeongjeon is the throne hall of Gyeongbokgung Palace where the king was formally briefed by 
his officials, issued proclamations, and greeted foreign envoys and ambassadors. It was also the 
central venue for various coronation ceremonies of the royal household.

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